Book Review on The Gospel according Starbucks: A hot awakening

Image by djbuchanan via Flickr

The Gospel according Starbucks: A hot awakening

Coffee is never only a drink. It is a drink that contains passion and invites an exoticism of history. It has been constantly suggested that coffee inspires meditation and dialectic thinking. For centuries cafés have been flourishing in the European big cities. Londoners, Parisians, and Vienneses frequented their local cafés not only for a novel taste, but also gusto of experience. Whether European or American, the ancients or contemporaries, in many ways all of them share a collective experience about coffee. 

This experience is made up by the flavors; even more so, it is about the romantic sentiment it stirred up. A good café experience is composed of 3 elements: coffee, people, and sentiment. Imagine that you are in a coffeehouse permeated by aroma of espresso, the barista brewing up with professional tricks, and you are having philosophical conversations under agreeable jazz music with a person you just met 30 minutes ago. With every aspect of your sensory organs and soul gratified, life can never be more enjoyable. All these attractions culminate in one Starbucks café. Believe it or not, this enjoyment is now available on a 24/7 basis, at the expense of only 3 dollars and up.

Like many coffee lovers, Dr. Leonard Sweet, professor of evangelism at Drew Theological School in New Jersey and author of The Gospel according to Starbucks, makes coffee a must of his life (« an eight-a-day cupper »- according to his self-portrait, p.1). His love of is not because of an addiction to caffeine though. Rather he undertakes the job as cultural barista to wake up the lukewarm Christians with an extremely hot cup: the spiritual passion of EPIC life: Experiential, Participatory, Image-rich, and Connecting.

Commenting on such a disputed issue cannot be an easy task. Dr. Sweet is evangelically forward-looking in proposing that the church should take cues from one particular business and learn from their principles of success. While many of his points against blind spots are valuably creative, occasionally the comparisons and applications seem problematic. His special insight on Luke 16:8, « the sons of this world are shrewder in dealing with their own generation than the sons of light, » founds the theological basis for his argument. The problems are twofold: a) the diversity of American church is being overlooked. Thousands of churches belonging to dozens of denominations should not be reduced to a mere representation of the church of Laodicean. In the first century Lord gave diagnosis for Asia Minor seven churches respectively. b) The achievement of Starbucks is overestimated. Human constitutions are all imperfect. Minimization on the dark side of story in favor of his prejudice only flaws the relevancy of his good observations.

But let’s start with the good observations. According to the statistics Dr. Sweet borrows in this book, our mainstream protestant church has been suffering a continual loss of believers for recent decades. « This is not to say that Christianity cannot be believed, but that it can’t be practiced because of its lack of lived experience (p.5) ». He suggests that an increasingly Laodicean and dogmatic running style is undermining our contemporary American churches. « Today, too many Christians line up to follow God out of duty or guilt, or even hoping to win a ticket to heaven. They completely miss the warmth and richness of the experience of living with God (p.9) ». Supposing these statements are true, the church must take the responsibility and change.

The best way to make change is to imitate an existing model, since « il n’y a pas de hors texte » (there is no outside text). Borrowing the famous quote from deconstructionist Jacques Derrida, the author considers everything as textual signs (p.7), and suggest that, through proper hermeneutic effort, we can make our own sense of everything. So why not learn from a chain business? Dr. Sweet perceived that Starbucks has set a business parallel to a successful church. Starbucks as a cultural evangelist makes people gladly spend 5 times more bucks on a cup of coffee that a decade ago they would spend only 50 cents on. The contextual intelligence of making its product an enjoyable EPIC experience is exactly what the churches want.

In the modern competition of business market, « being different » has become a slogan. Nobody wants to be indistinctive or mediocre. Postmodernism marks an era of transition, and people’s desire for product itself been replaced by a desire for an authentic experience that surrounds the product. Authentic experience gives people the identity as an existential being, which grows only in the rarified extremes of feeling. Economically (or sociologically), the middle class is dying out. They are either becoming wealthy plutocrat or the pauper. The matter is not just about money, as their need of participatory and connective experience of life is reflected by advent and growing popularity of Web 2.0 and Wikipedia.

I don’t really know how traditional American church looks like the image that Dr. Sweet has depicted. But he seems to overgeneralize the diversity among different sects of American churches. At least the Pentecost church and the Assembly of God are burgeoning and should not at all under the critique of becoming Laodicean or lukewarm. All critiques in this book, unfortunately, only wrestle against an imaginary category: the American church. I believe when Dr. Sweet says « in a worst-coffee country, where were you served the worst of the worst? The church » (p.16), he is neglecting the Church Growth Movement which has just brought about immense spiritual revival. So our model, why must it be Starbucks?

Dr. Sweet just swears that Starbucks has not given me extra coupons or coffee beans. Actually neither will Starbucks choose to do so. I would not suggest that Pentecost church or the Assembly of God will serve for a better embodying church for Dr. Sweet’s conception despite the growth of statistic figures. As we all could roughly sense the loom of their undermining crisis (being extremists toward spiritual gifts), Starbucks, however, is also suffering from a broken-image when Dr. Sweet was about to publish this book.

The story begins in 2006, when the Ethiopian government was trying to win trademarks for its Sidamo, Yirgacheffe and Harar coffees in the western world in order to bring added benefits to millions of poor farmers and help alleviate poverty. The Starbucks Coffee Company continued to stonewall its bid in the United States. Although promising to sell fair-trade coffee beans (indeed these beans only occupied 10% of its overall sales) under the fierce attack of Oxfam international, Starbuck continues to ignore calls from Ethiopian coffee farmers and exporters to sign a royalty-free licensing agreement. It really confused me that Dr. Sweet seems to be so placated by Starbucks business propaganda that he announces that « Starbucks boasts it is North America’s largest purchaser of Fair Trade Coffee (p.106) ». Hardly could he feel sorry about Starbucks’ openly supporting for Bush’s military invasion and Israel’s counterattack against Afghanistan, which has invited an immense controversy and public concern. The branch store which Starbucks donated for US army base has become their lively advertisement with the slogan written « We proudly serve ». And as a Christian reader I really sorry that Dr. Sweet not only ignored this fact while he was praising the contextual intelligence of Starbucks, but he also implied that the « 10000 avowed terrorists » as « a tiny speck of the global population », instead of sinners need to be redeemed just as all of us. Such kind of remarks somehow made arguments in this book insupportable for Christian readers who are non US citizens.

Last it is about the accomplishment of this book. The Gospel according Starbucks served as a good reminder that we Christians should be aware of not becoming Laodicean. Jesus is the perfect example of a life being lived out with passion. This is for us individuals. Nonetheless, the church and its leaders should be also given concrete advises of how to get back and be involved in the business what it is really in: bridging connections and serving as the « 3rd place ». Thus, the Apostle Paul’s insight (such as Pastoral Epistles) is crucial to amend the insufficient teaching from the four Gospels. The Bible consists of 66 books. This is the entire Gospel. So it is important not to only favor our preferred passages. The church should be moderate and cosmic rather than extreme and radical. It should neither become a school of ought nor a sanctuary of ecstatic believers speaking in tongues with nobody can interpret (1 Cor 12:10). Postmodernism will pass away; the extreme of spectrum will fade. But « Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. » (Mat 5:18)

Reading this book has been provoking my reminiscence about When Jesus came to Harvard, another peer work guided us to think about current issues by borrowing the rabbinic wisdom of Jesus. What would Jesus say to our church? Which of the seven churches in Revelation does yours resemble? I would propose a balanced spiritual diet, of faith, hope, and love.



三一神學院的第一學期 (邱慕天代禱信二) 2007/9/23

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來到三一的頭幾日就考了希臘文入學測驗。我頭一次與美國同學同場競試,顯得不太適應,戰戰兢兢成了全班最後交卷的兩人之一。後來在與同學聊天中,意外得知第一大題「multiple choice question」(Πολλατλασια ερωτηση επιλογης)考的是單選題。誤解為複選題並在每一題都強硬作答的我,心想恐怕要再繳學費了。幾天提心吊膽之後,系統卻通知我考過了!心情複雜與激動下,我忍不住寫信給負責這次測驗的Dr. Yabrough。他在回信中告訴我,我現在所在Dr. Pao(鮑維均牧師)的班已是最高級的班,而無論有無誤解題意,我考的分數是全部學生中第六高分的。









Greek Exegesis I (4)

Cultural hermeneutics (2)

Formation Group (0)

Systematic theology I (3)

History of Christianity (4)

Theology and Methodology of Biblical Preaching (2)

Dr. David W. Pao

Dr. Kevin Vanhoozer

Dr. Kevin Vanhoozer

Dr. Allan Coppedge

Dr. Scott M. Manetsch

Dr. Greg Scharf






接著我願分享在這一些特別的觀察和收穫。John Stott說:「聖經和神學研究本身不會促進好的講道…,除非我們以現在的研究來補充,否則就會很悲慘地孤立於文化深淵的一邊。」在三一上課,使用的教科書一定有來自2004-2007年最新的著作,內容包含當代的文化議題和學術發展,上課也重視討論與激盪。我認為這是與台灣的神學院較大差異。誠然,這些巨觀社會與世界觀的認識,對一個年輕神學家、牧者的預備是重要的。它讓學習不只是修道院式的個人或小團體靈修,也不是經院哲學式的抽象思辯,而是嘗試為信仰和生活構築更高的眼界。若再用John Stott的說法,就是:「我們可以根據聖經來解釋有關工作的教義,但我們若能以不斷增加的失業率為背景,這樣的解釋就更有意義。我們可以傳講耶穌要門徒做使人和睦的人,但是當我們知道超強國軍械駭人的存量,祂的呼召聽來就更緊要得多…」


我特別享受我目前指導教授Dr. Kevin Vanhoozer的「文化詮釋學」課程。他是系統神學、後現代哲學、詮釋學界的世界級學者,更精通法語。這門課吸引了爆滿的學生,我每次都要提早到教室搶第一排的座位,好能就近提問。課堂下,他也是一個關心學生的老師,我們會用法語交談。





大致上美國本地神學生都是年輕的一群,不乏許多1984, 1985年次、大學畢業直升的;哈佛、西北畢業的同學程度優秀,與他們作建設性的交談可以學到不少東西。還有些已是青少年牧師身份的,一貫給人的成熟獨立而又熱情的感受。





信徒群體的互相幫助、在屬靈上儆醒是很重要的。在失溫的寒夜,一個人很容易就那樣睡著了,唯有互相取暖、交談,才能堅忍迎接曙光的來臨。又因個人的屬靈鑒察力和能力都是很有限的,所以行事為人要在光明中,穿戴神為我們預備的軍裝,如此就不再畏懼黑暗的權勢。 祝



與爸媽(文福、意玲) 敬上


Fujifilm FinePix S2000HD vs. DMC-FZ28K vs. EasyShare Z1015 IS


  fujifilm_finepix_s2000hd     Panasonic DMC-FZ28K

Fujifilm FinePix S2000HD

kodakdslr03  Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS



關於Fujifilm FinePix S2000HDPanasonic DMC-FZ28K Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS這三台HD高畫質錄影相機,由於都是新上市而且特質太接近了,所以買了之後我還是持續不停關注。

事前講過,FinePix S2000HD強在用料和質感,這點是被測試過的人肯定的:「把手拇指靠握處經蒙處理, 顯得相當有質感。」請連到哈燒王的這個網頁欣賞它的幾張特寫吧。另外使用AA電池也使得它不論續航力、續電力都較為無虞。

然而在畫質方面S2000HD所獲得的評價卻似乎沒那麼好,亞瑪遜這則買家評論比較了S2000HD、Z1012 IS、Z1015 IS之後說道「S2000HD機身質感雖好,但相片雜訊過多」,而它提到Z1012IS在Consumer Reports這個付費網站上被評為「最好的數位非單眼相機」(奇怪,Trusted Reviews這網站才給Z1012 IS可憐的6分!畫質更只有5分!),而Z1015 IS是百尺竿頭、更進一步地修正了Z1012IS「對比不夠鮮明、柔性色調」的缺憾!他並提到在Raw原圖輸出並搭配Photoshop Noise Cleaner修圖之後,畫質更是遠勝沒有Raw輸出的S2000HD。


回歸畫質,現在就要談到Trusted Review給了10分滿分的DMC-FZ28K了,如您有耐心看完這篇編輯評論底下的讀者回應,你會發現發現它畫質的出色是幾乎完全沒有爭論的。Trusted Review還有圖為證,它在廣角攝影、背光攝影、及高感光度的表現下都是一等一的。而剛前面說到Consumer Reports這個付費網站上被評為「最好的數位非單眼相機」的Z1012IS的實戰相片在這裡。雖然有位讀者留了以下這樣的評論:

Somebody is blind and I’m sure it aint me! Looking at the recent 10star review of the Pana FZ28 I see washed out colours, dull green on the sports car and iffy red on the jag! Looking at the cathedral pic I see no colur whatsoever in stained glass windows, the kodak however has atleast pulled some colour from somewhere, overall the Kodak seems a million miles ahead of the Pana, including noise/colour/lightness etc, go look again, I dont own either!

而我也感覺Z1012 IS、Z1015 IS在白天的廣角相片真的很出色(我目前還無法用Z1015 IS在夜間照出sharp且noiseless的好照片,請自行衡量是誰的錯),但實際對比上面照片一些細節之後仍不難發現Z1012IS遭到比較嚴重的chromatic aberration和barrel distortion。這點上Panasonic的Leica鏡頭勝出。

若說有什麼東西讓DMC-FZ28K美中不足,那就是它的audio quality的貧乏和不夠大的sensor。其實嫌它DMC-FZ28K的sensor不夠大根本就是吹毛求疵,是基於它在這個規格底下畫質已經無敵、外加18倍鏡頭的出色表現才有的批評。Trusted Review評論底下的讀者回應很多人反應這點,同時也說明如果sensor加大,體積和重量勢必加大,那麼它就不再是compact superzoom,而是無論畫質、體積、長鏡頭都可以跟入門D-SLR一較長短的長砲相機了。

關於這點,目前設計compact superzoom的廠商似乎都忽略了這個層級的買家其實並不那麼在乎重量大小,而是期待它能成為真正一機隨身的"all-in-one machine":能廣角、能特寫、能連拍、能伸縮錄影、能方便和所有人分享生活色彩,不需要額外買一台昂貴卻少用的Camcorder。這些人貪圖攝影的樂趣,又想要紀錄生活中的每一個精彩面貌,所以不希望它是個需要掛滿一堆鏡頭、光圈、腳架,笨重得要死卻還沒有攝影功能的昂貴數位單眼-這留給那些以照相為生或以攝影為主要業餘愛好的人吧!他們要的相機也不必像catch&shoot那般小到能放口袋,因為那是以犧牲optical zoom、sensor、LCD,甚至電池功能為代價的。

卡在這上下兩個層級中間的消費者其實很多,英文稱其為prosumer而非consumer。針對這個層級生產的相機產品又叫bridge camera。

因此DMC-FZ28K幾乎是這麼地完美,但就差在audio quality和sensor兩點。剛剛說了嫌sensor是吹毛求疵,其實audio quality也有點算是,是由於它的HD高畫質錄影功能才衍生出來的缺憾。以下是它的錄音的音效數值和Canon S5 IS的比較:

FZ28: 16 bit integer (Big Endian), 16 khz, monaural
S5 IS: PCM 16 bit integer (Little Endian) 44.1 kHz, stereo 1411Kbps "CD-Quality" audio


(FinePix S100fs)

就是這些貪婪的要求,導致廠商決定研發Fujifilm FinePix S100fs這種無論規格、體積、價格($600+-)都跨入D-SLR領域的superzoom。不過這台高規格且攝影功能齊全的S100fs並不是這個年份的產品,HD高清錄影也不在其能力表單中。所以這邊要提的乃是Canon今年第三季和第四季要出的20倍超長光學鏡頭的SX1S IS:DIGIC 4超高影像處理科技、超越1080 x 720的1920 x 1080高畫質立體聲HD錄影、2.8吋開闊的LCD、精準的自動臉部對焦、1/2.3吋的 Canon CMOS Sensor、一般compact superzoom多出50%重量的585 g、響亮的佳能口碑。我想這就是大家所期待的終極superzoom了!

PowerShot-SX1-IS-TOP (PowerShot SX1S IS)

但抱歉,它這台的報價我目前看到的是$900多美金…。有這預算把玩相機的人,難道真的會想要捨Nikon D80、Canon Rebel 450D($600+)、甚至Canon EOS 40D、Nikon D90($1000+-)這些真.單眼組合砲嗎?

如果不想買到那麼貴,那麼你的確應該回頭來看一下Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS這台相機:HD立體聲、15x光學變焦、3.0吋大LCD、RAW原圖輸出。除了影像儲存較慢、低光源的影像表現差強人意,其實它是台出色、均衡,且價格合理($250+)的相機選擇。

 kodakdslr02(EasyShare Z1015 IS 那就再給他一張特寫吧)

最後總結一下Fujifilm FinePix S2000HD(F)、Panasonic DMC-FZ28K (P)、Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS(K)三台相機的比較心得:

相片畫質 Image Quality: P > K > F

質感外觀 Touch and Design: F > P >> K

攝影功能 Photograph Functionality: P > F = K

觀景屏幕LCD & Viewfinder: K > F = P

價錢 Price: K >= F >> P

錄影音質 Audio Quality: K >> F = P

錄影畫質 Video Quality: P= F = K

First Digital Camera in my Life




Panasonic DMC-FZ28K Digital Camera – Black

Lumix 10.1-Megapixel Digital Camera with 27mm LEICA DC VARIO-ELMARIT Lens, 18x Optical Zoom (27mm-486mm) and Intelligent Auto Mode; Video HDV (1280×720) at 30 fps

$319-20(coupon CCABINCJ85)-2.5% cash back+0(shipping)=$290.5



Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS

Kodak 10 Megapixel Digital Camera with 28mm SCHNEIDER-KREUZNACH VARIOGON Lens, 15x Optical Zoom (28mm-420mm) with image stabilization; Video HDV (1280×720) at 30 fps

$261-2% cash back+0(shipping)=$256



Fujifilm FinePix S8100fd

Fujifilm 10 Megapixel Digital Camera with 27mm Lens, 18x Optical Zoom (27mm-486mm) with image stabilization; Video (640×480) at 30 fps

$325-6% cash back+0(shipping)=$305.5


fujifilm_finepix_s2000hd (HD)

Fujifilm FinePix S2000HD

Fujifilm 10 Megapixel Digital Camera with 28mm fujicon Lens, 15x Optical Zoom (27.6mm-414mm) with dual image stabilization; Video HDV (1280×720) at 30 fps




Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H50

Sony 9.1 Megapixels Digital Camera with 31mm Lens, 15x Optical Zoom (31mm-465mm) with image stabilization; Video (640×480) at 30 fps

$346-20(coupon CCABINCJ85)-2.5% cash back+0(shipping)=$318



Nikon Coolpix P80 Digital Camera

Nikon 10.1 Megapixels Digital Camera with 27mm Lens, 18x Optical Zoom (27mm-486mm) with image stabilization; Video TV (640×480) at 30 or 15 (time-lapse with playback) fps

$349-6% cash back+0(shipping)=$328



Canon PowerShot S5 IS

Canon 8 Megapixels Digital Camera with 36mm Lens, 12x Optical Zoom (36mm-432mm) with image stabilization; Video (640×480) at 30 fps

$320-3% cash back+0(shipping/ use coupon CAMERA99FS)=$310  update: office depot has a discount of this model on $199, store pick-up only.

Canon PowerShot SX110 IS

Canon 9 Megapixels Digital Camera with 36mm Lens, 10x Optical Zoom (36mm-360mm) with image stabilization; Video (640×480) at 30 fps

$248+0(shipping)=248  update: has a new offer of this model at the price $250 with a free photo printer AR



Canon EOS Rebel XSi 12.2 MP 3.0" 230K LCD Digital SLR Camera (Black or Silver)

Canon 12.2 Megapixels Digital SLR with Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS and Canon EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 III Telephoto Zoom Combo Lens

$680+159-100(combo instant savings)-3% cash back+0(shipping/ use coupon CAMERA99FS)=$717


Canon EOS Digital Rebel XSi 12.2 MP 3.0" 230K LCD Digital SLR Camera (Black Body only)

$579-2% cash back+0(shipping)=$567



Nikon D80 10.2MP Megapixel SLR

Nokon 10.2 Megapixels Digital SLR with Nikon AF-S DX Zoom-NIKKOR 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6G IF-ED Lens Combo

$794-20(coupon CCABINCJ85)-2.5% cash back+0(shipping)=$754.5

Nikon D80 10.2 Megapixels Digital SLR (Black body only)

$600-5% cash back+0(shipping)=$570





在看了很多評論後,逐漸確認自己目前需要的是一台有megazoom鏡頭(又叫 superzoom、ultrazoom,具有大倍數的光學變焦就對了)、自動聚焦準確敏銳、光學防震、還能有些手動把玩花樣的DSLR-like相機。

然而預算有限如我,最後是挑中了c/p值高的新貨Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS。要是預算再充沛應該就會買Panasonic DMC-FZ28K Digital CameraCanon EOS Rebel XSi Digital SLR了,它們最近的特價也很難得,而且在網路上幾乎是一致的好評,不像Kodak只受到少許關注。(不過對初次入手相機,且忙碌到沒空學習攝影技巧的人來說,DSLR怎樣看來都太奢侈,是吧。)


9/18 17:36 update

新貨到手了。由於事前的研究做得算足,把玩測試的過程只能說相當滿意。相片品質本身沒有帶來什麼特別的驚奇震撼,倒是影片方面HD畫質是個大驚喜,沒想到數位相機也能錄出這麼細緻的畫面!目前網路上的陽春HD Camcorder單買也還要100~120美金以上。光這點就讓我慶幸自己沒有衝動地下手DSLR(無錄影功能,而太專業的單眼攝影現下又用不著) 。

所以現在如果讓我再挑一次,應該就是Fujifilm FinePix S2000HDPanasonic DMC-FZ28K 以及Kodak EasyShare Z1015 IS三台HD高畫質錄影相機當中選擇了吧。事前沒注意到Fuji也有新出HD錄影的長鏡頭Superzoom…不,應該說,不知道HD錄影竟會成為這麼一項讓人愛不釋手的功能(否則就會刻意去搜尋)!Finepix SD2000HD勝出EasyShare Z1015 IS的地方是

  1. 近年數位相機系列的品牌形象較好
  2. 使用AA電池,Alkaine、NiMH充電式、長效Lithium都能用。這些電池我事前已經買了(現在若不用就要拿去退)。Kodak則有自己專屬的充電電池(隨機附帶一顆)和鋰電池;除非加購電池及充電座,否則臨時電力用罄時的替換頗不方便。
  3. 機身用料較好。設計感較佳。Kodak的塑膠感還是稍微重了一點。


  1. 近年數位相機系列的品牌形象較好
  2. 18x光學變焦,等同486mm的35mm鏡頭焦距。跟數位變焦一起拉到最底可以放到128倍。
  3. 設計感較佳。

但是EasyShare Z1015的3.0" LCD比他們兩家的2.7"大,比DMC-FZ28便宜40美金;相片原圖raw輸出編輯功能是Finepix SD2000HD沒有的。Finepix SD2000HD的錄影收音只有單聲道,而EasyShare Z1015支援立體聲。



    邱慕天已經到芝加哥了! (邱慕天代禱信一) 2007/8/7





















    最後趙牧師在O’Hare機場把我轉交給「芝城華人基督教聯合會北郊分會」的黃雅憫牧師。黃牧師接我到他家(位於學校附近有「三一村」之稱的Vernon Hills)過夜,還幫我預備帶往學校的棉被。洗完澡已經兩點了。當黃牧師進房間拿衣服時我才發現他是把自己的床給我睡-他自己則到孩子的房間打地鋪了。



  1. 我現在被分派的宿舍不會有空調,而白天從東面迎來陽光顯得非常悶熱。且同棟宿舍有大小之分,這竟是最小的一間(同樣價錢,空間是一些其他房間的一半)。如果可能,我將詢問有無可能移往其他較大、較陰爽的空房間。

  2. 暑假期間在學校覓食較為不易,我也果不其然地在住進宿舍後發現早上的採買還是掛一漏萬了,例如買了罐頭缺發現沒開罐器等等。希望這幾天自己可以儘快適應生活、調回時差、吃得均衡,預備很快就要來臨的入學希臘文測驗。

  3. 「這些事你們既做在我這弟兄中一個最小的身上,就是做在我身上了。」(馬太福音25:40)求主紀念趙約翰牧師、黃雅憫牧師和Jason牧師為他們對小弟兄的付出。他們都是主所按立的牧師,在他們身上有的是僕人事奉的榜樣。為他們事奉得力、一家人出入蒙福來禱告。特別是趙牧師最近有華人牧者聯禱會、黃牧師的家人正不在身邊,而Jason弟兄一家人才到伊利諾這兒安頓三、四天,兒女分別只有五歲、一歲半,為其家人生活上的適應禱告。

  4. 在三一神學院進修的經濟開銷極為龐大。這次能夠順利出國實踐生命呼召的第一步,除了父母之外,許多朋友長輩所給予的支持不在話下。這裡特別感謝的是曾光武牧師及其一家,包括曾祥怡(姊妹)、曾祥恩(弟兄)在知道我有進修神學的意願之時,第一時間所給予的經濟支持。之後更有多位來自曾牧師在雪梨華人教會的會友奉獻支持,包括Janet和其丈夫(一對華人夫婦)、江明書(姊妹,從澳洲來到台灣華神進修,跟我當了一年同學)、美隆(姊妹,亦還在就學,8/8要考醫技方面的執照特考,特別需要主的同在與幫助,並祝福考試結果)。除了在禱告中,願神紀念他們的擺上,相信也是主要給我生命調整和信心的功課:祂透過各樣的方式、藉著不同的人為我預備,使我憑著信心就一無所缺。

  5. 出國以前,因為街頭佈道和一些其他的機會,有在跟一些弟兄嘗試談福音,並試著帶領他信主。基本上我覺得自己傳福音的性質偏軟,都是先從生命問題和其個人觀念疑惑上著手,而要後幾次才會將福音的真義說得深入些。壞處是不容易領人當場決志;好處是往往對方都是第一次談完後主動留下聯絡方式,希望能再多跟我談談那些對他們生命有造就的話語。最近我跟一位大學的同學沈昌煒弟兄開始有較多的福音分享,他也有意相信。(事實上是已經跟進一年多),但隨著我現在出國,分享、尤其是見面變得不容易。我希望能幫他尋求到附近的支援,更盼聖靈親自動工,在他心中能有福音的果子結出。



Dear Brothers and Sisters:

Thanks for your caring and all the support you have ever provided for me.

The attached file is Mu-tien’s prayer request and some latest news about my trip to Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, IL.

After an almost 24-hour long trip all the way from Taipei, LA, Chicago, this is my 2nd day here. Being and I am safe and sound, immediately I know that I must sit down and write a letter for you, with all my gratitude toward God, for He is so faithful. He unites us as a big spiritual family, so that we can share community in Christ.  

I know some of you may experience difficulty in reading Chinese letter, I am sorry not being able to translate it into English. Next time I will try to develop bilingual version of it.

As there must be always some people I overlooked, -if you are one of them- please forgive my negligence and do not hesitate to let me know; -if that’s not you but you know anyone of them, please do me a favor: forward my greetings and this letter to him/her. And you are also invited to put forth your questions and prayer requests. "Steadfastly in prayer, watching therein with thanksgiving." (Colossians 4:2) I will put them into prayer whenever my eyes are closed and my fingers crossed.


Mu-tien Chiou

「如經上所記:神為愛祂的人所預備的是眼睛未曾看見,耳朵未曾聽見,人心也未曾想到的。」(哥林多前書 2:9