[文摘] Porn as Sex Ed: Online Smut Warping Teens’ Views on Sexuality (網路色情對青少年性行為的影響)

Source Link: http://www.newsweek.com/porn-sex-ed-online-smut-warping-teens-views-sexuality-459811

By Susan Scutti On 5/14/16 at 9:00 AM

Easy access to sexually explicit and pornographic material is “a game changer,” Vernacchio says. “Kids are seeing sexually explicit material far earlier and in far greater numbers than their parents’ generation.”

2010 Dutch study, for instance, found that the more a teen is exposed to pornography, the more realistic they think it is and the more it influences expectations for their own sexual behavior.

來自 2016年5月中一期美國《新聞週刊》的報導,著重在網路色情氾濫,對青少年性觀念與性行為的觀察研究,整理引用多篇外部報導。

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重點簡述在此,作為分享教育用途:

A 2016 Italian survey found 10 percent of teens who watch porn reported a reduced sexual interest toward potential real-life partners, while 19 percent said they had an abnormal sexual response—but those numbers rose to 19 and 25 percent among frequent viewers.

  • 網路色情的口味愈來愈重。其中帶有暴力虐待的元素會被青少年習以為常。增加的青少年性侵、性暴力犯罪與此不無關係。

Today’s porn looks nothing like it did 10 or 15 years ago, says Gail Dines, a professor of sociology and women’s studies at Wheelock College. The titillating pictures and photos of naked women from past centuries have given way to close-up videos of sexual degradation.

Teens who log on expecting to see a little tawdry if amiable sex may be challenged by what they find. As Dines describes it, much of mainstream porn is “brutal and cruel.”

And it can impact their behavior: In 2013, Michelle Ybarra, president at the Center for Innovative Public Health Research, and her colleagues found that 14- to 21-year-old perpetrators of sexual violence were more likely to have watched violent X-rated content .

  • 然而我們必須承認,對於LGBT或有特殊性癖的性小眾,網路確實不但是他們探索認同的避風港,從而也有先進帶後進的經驗分享,避免他們飛蛾撲火地做出那些高風險的自我性探索。(當然這類社群裡也有誘拐逞欲的惡劣份子。但這裡假定這些前輩大多是善意,以負責的心態引路。)

While the Internet may open the door on sexually violent porn for some teens, for others it offers a place to safely explore sexuality. The web has “done wonders” to help isolated kids identifying as gay, lesbian, trans or gender nonconforming find community, says Vernacchio.

This is particularly important given that, taken as a whole, teens in sexual minority groups report significantly more sexual activity and more risk-taking than heterosexuals. “The experience of growing up LGBT is different than growing up heterosexual,” says Ybarra. Online community can ease a teen’s loneliness and possibly lead to less risky choices.

  • 不過還有的問題是:色情尤其對女體呈現了太高的標準;導致對身材自卑的女性,更容易因為焦慮而降低親密時的性滿意度。於是,她們有更高的比例,會去嘗試、配合那些「刺激」的性行為(或許從A片中模仿)。

But as they explore their attractions—both online and off—teens’ questions and anxieties about their changing bodies clearly impact their experiences and ultimately their behavior.

A 2010 study of undergraduate women in the U.S., some in their late teens, found that those who reported greater dissatisfaction with their genital appearance also were more self-conscious during intimacy and experienced lower sexual satisfaction. That, in turn, made them more likely to engage in riskier sex, like not using a condom.

  • 最後,不知道該說好消息還是什麼,大概因為愛滋宣導吧,說「口交」比性交還安全、不容易感染,以致於這個行為在現在的青少年間已經「脫敏」了很多,不在大家心目中具有那麼親密或重口味的地位了。
  • 報告顯示,比起大概70後的世代,00左右出生的千禧年高中生有「普通性交經驗」以及「有過4個以上性伴侶」的比例都有所降低。證明他們對於性病防制的觀念至少採取了更謹慎的態度。

Meanwhile, the bandwidth of acceptable sexual behavior has widened over time. One example is oral sex, which is more prevalent among today’s teens than past generations. Vernacchio believes this is due in part to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. A lot of the early AIDS education pointed to oral sex as a less risky form of sex, he says, and that seems to have influenced the entire culture.

Today’s teen sees oral sex as far less intimate than their parents’ generation did, Vernacchio says—to them, it’s “not real sex.” Recent researchsupports the belief that oral sex is “an established component of youths’ sexual repertoires” and also suggests this form of sex slows teens’ transition to vaginal intercourse.

Strange as it might sound, numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest that teens overall are having typical sex less often than their predecessors: In a 2015 survey of high schoolers, 41 percent reported having had sexual intercourse, while 12 percent said they’d had four or more partners—significantly fewer students than the 54 and 19 percent who reported the same in 1991.

 

 

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