[文摘] Newspaper of record 信史報刊/資料庫報紙

今天編纂給醒報外電翻譯組的教戰手冊,學到一個新聞專業詞彙:資料庫報紙/記錄歷史的報紙/信史報刊

This morning I learned a new vocabulary as I was drafting and editing the tutorial for our international news journalists:

Newspaper of record / Presse de référence

Newspaper of record is a term that typically refers to a major newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically authoritative.

被稱為「信史報刊」的條件,必須是發行量大、社論和新聞採訪具有權威和專業。

Also known as a « journal of record », or by the French terms Presse de référence and de référence, the application of this term has no formal criteria and its characteristics can be variable. The category typically consists of those newspapers that are considered to meet higher standards of journalism than most print media, including editorial independence and attention to accuracy, and are usually renowned internationally. Despite changes in society, such newspapers have historically tended to maintain a similar tone, coverage, style and traditions.

叫他「記錄公報」或其他名字的也所在多有。重點是這個詞的應用有沒有均一正式的標準,而是憑藉著上述各種標準的累積印象積分。它通常是最高水準的印刷媒體代表,重視編輯獨立性和準確性,而且在國際上享有盛名。不論社會如何變遷,這類報紙一路走來,始終如一,在報導色彩、範圍、風格和傳統上堅持自己的定位。

From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newspapers_of_record

 

維基百科舉出了各國例子…

Wikipedia lists many countries, each has her own brand name newspaper of record:

Country Logo Newspaper City of publication Founded Language
Argentina La Nación La Nación Buenos Aires 1870 Spanish [6]
Belgium De Standaard De Standaard Groot-Bijgaarden, near Brussels 1918 Dutch [7]
Canada The Globe and Mail The Globe and Mail Toronto 1844 English [8]
Canada La Presse La Presse Montreal 1884 French [15][16]
Chile El Mercurio El Mercurio Santiago 1827(Valparaíso ed.)
1900(Santiago ed.)
Spanish [17]
France Le Monde Paris 1944 French [18]
France Le Figaro Le Figaro Paris 1826 French [19]
Germany Frankfurter Allgemeine logo.svg Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Frankfurt 1949 German [20][21]
Hungary Népszabadság Népszabadság Budapest 1956 Hungarian [22]
India The Times of India The Times of India Mumbai 1838 English [23]
Ireland The Irish Times The Irish Times Dublin 1859 English [24][25]
Italy Corriere della Sera Corriere della Sera Milan 1876 Italian [26][27]
Netherlands NRC Handelsblad Rotterdam 1970 Dutch [28]
Peru El Peruano Lima 1825 Spanish [29]
Portugal Dn logo transparente.gif Diário de Notícias Lisbon 1864 Portuguese [30]
Serbia Politika Politika Belgrade 1904 Serbian [31]
Spain El País El País Madrid 1976 Spanish [32]
Switzerland Neue Zürcher Zeitung Neue Zürcher Zeitung Zurich 1780 German [33]
United Kingdom The Times London 1785 English [34][35]
United Kingdom The Daily Telegraph The Daily Telegraph London 1855 English [35]
United States The New York Times The New York Times New York City 1851 English [36]

 

And it’s been proclaimed that the only three recognized Presse de référence in France are Le Parisien, Le Figaro, and Le Monde.

I doubt if Taiwan has one worthy of this title, which other  international news journalists would acknowledge.

台灣現在有「信史報刊」的公信力報紙嗎?

 

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