[文摘] David Ford on Modern Theology

In this 25min video interview, Oxford Theologian David Ford addresses modern theology with two insightful analytical overviews: « approaches » and « issues ».

First, in terms of the spectrum of theological prolegomena, Ford thinks there are five discernible types:

  1. Assimilate Theology into Secular Philosophy: Immanuel Kant
  2. Construct Theology with Secular Philosophy, and subordinate theological data that are incompatible with philosophy: Rudolt Bultmann
  3. Correlate Theology with Secular Philosophy in a dialogical manner, and no one is constantly above the other: Paul Tillich & Friedrich Schleiermarcher
  4. Construct Theology in dialogue with Secular Philosophy, and reject philosophical data that are fundamentally incompatible with philosophy: Karl Barth, Hans Frei
  5. Preserve Traditional Theology and criticize philosophical data that are incompatible with philosophy: Carl Henry

Then, there are topics and problematics characteristic of « modern theologies »; some of them especially have developed into sprouting fields of what we call 21st century theological studies:

  1. Theological Ethics: gender issues, technological issues, etc.
  2. Theology of Spirituality: Theological Wisdom
  3. Theological Politics:
  4. Theology of Science: as the world comes of age, educated modern generation needs a sensible faith and viable worldview.
  5. Theology of Religion (interfaith theology): Confrontational stance was replaced by conversational attitude through 20th century ecumenical movement. A viable theology in the era of globalization needs to give no-nonsense account of other faiths.

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