In this 25min video interview, Oxford Theologian David Ford addresses modern theology with two insightful analytical overviews: « approaches » and « issues ».
First, in terms of the spectrum of theological prolegomena, Ford thinks there are five discernible types:
- Assimilate Theology into Secular Philosophy: Immanuel Kant
- Construct Theology with Secular Philosophy, and subordinate theological data that are incompatible with philosophy: Rudolt Bultmann
- Correlate Theology with Secular Philosophy in a dialogical manner, and no one is constantly above the other: Paul Tillich & Friedrich Schleiermarcher
- Construct Theology in dialogue with Secular Philosophy, and reject philosophical data that are fundamentally incompatible with philosophy: Karl Barth, Hans Frei
- Preserve Traditional Theology and criticize philosophical data that are incompatible with philosophy: Carl Henry
Then, there are topics and problematics characteristic of « modern theologies »; some of them especially have developed into sprouting fields of what we call 21st century theological studies:
- Theological Ethics: gender issues, technological issues, etc.
- Theology of Spirituality: Theological Wisdom
- Theological Politics:
- Theology of Science: as the world comes of age, educated modern generation needs a sensible faith and viable worldview.
- Theology of Religion (interfaith theology): Confrontational stance was replaced by conversational attitude through 20th century ecumenical movement. A viable theology in the era of globalization needs to give no-nonsense account of other faiths.